Categories
Islam and Purity

70 Major sins in Islam every Muslim must avoid

Major sins in Islam are defined as what is forbidden by Allah and His Messenger in the Qur’an and the Sunnah in addition to what is narrated on the authority of early Muslims. Allah promised that whoever avoids the major sins, He will expiate his minor sins. Allah says:

If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise). Quran 4:31

The Prophet (pbuh) said,

“The five prescribed Prayers, and from one Friday prayer to another and from Ramadan to another entail forgiveness for what is between them as long as you do not commit the major sins.”

We are obliged to learn about what the major sins are in order to avoid them. Scholars of Sacred knowledge are of different opinions about the number of major sins. It is argued that they are only seven owing to the Prophet’s (pbuh) saying,

“Avoid the seven heinous sins: Worshipping others with Allah, sorcery, taking a life which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice, devouring usury, appropriating the property of the orphan, fleeing from the battlefield, and charging believing women, unmindful though innocent, with adultery.”

Ibn Abbas holds that they are likely counted as seventy, not seven.

That is a good point of view because enumeration is not intended in the Hadith.

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As a matter of fact, any sin entailing either a threat of punishment in the Hereafter explicitly mentioned by the Qur’an or Hadith, a prescribed legal penalty is called a major sin. We have to bear in mind that some major sins are most heinous than another. Below is the list of the 70 major sins in Islam.

  1. Ascribing Associates to Allah, The Most High (Shirk)
  2. Killing a Human Being
  3. Sorcery
  4. Not Performing the Prayer
  5. Not Paying Zakat
  6. Breaking One’s Fast During Ramadan without an Excuse
  7. Not Performing the Hajj When Able to do so
  8. Showing Disrespect to One’s Parents
  9. Severing the Ties of One’s Relatives
  10. Adultery
  11. Sodomy
  12. Accepting Usurious Gain
  13. Wrong Consuming an Orphan’s Property
  14. Lying About the Prophet
  15. Fleeing From the Battlefield
  16. The Leader Who Misleads His Followers, the Tyrant, and the Oppressor
  17. Arrogance, Pride, Conceit, Vanity, and Haughtiness
  18. Bearing False Witness
  19. Drinking Alcohol
  20. Gambling (Qimar)
  21. Accusing a Woman of Adultery
  22. Misappropriating Spoils of War, Muslim Funds or Zakat
  23. Theft
  24. Highwaymen Who Menace the Road
  25. The Engulfing Oath
  26. Taking People’s Property through Falsehood
  27. Collecting Taxes
  28. The Consumption of Haram
  29. Suicide
  30. Telling Lies
  31. The Dishonest Judge
  32. Bribery
  33. Women Imitating Men and Vice Versa
  34. The Pimp and the One Who Permits His Wife to Fornicate
  35. Marrying Solely to Return to the Previous Husband
  36. Not Freeing Oneself of All Traces of Urine
  37. Showing off in Good Work
  38. Learning Sacred Knowledge for the Sake of this World or Concealing It
  39. Breach of Faith
  40. Reminding Recipients of One’s Charity to Them
  41. Disbelieving in Destiny
  42. Listening to the People’s Private Conversations
  43. The Talebearer Who Stirs Up Enmity between People
  44. Cursing Others
  45. Breaking One’s Promise or Pledge
  46. Believing Fortunetellers and Astrologers
  47. A Wife’s Rebellion against Her Husband
  48. Picture-making
  49. Loudly Lamenting For the Dead or When Afflicted With an Adversity
  50. Excess Against Others
  51. Overburdening and Arrogance against Others
  52. Hurting One’s Neighbor
  53. Hurting or Reviling Muslims
  54. Harming the Servants of Allah
  55. Dragging the Hem of One’s Garment Out of Conceit
  56. Men Wearing Silk or Gold
  57. Fleeing of the Slave
  58. Slaughtering in Other Than Allah’s Name
  59. Falsely Claiming Someone is One’s Father
  60. Arguing, Picking Apart Another’s Words, and Quarreling
  61. Withholding Excess Water from Others
  62. Stinting When Weighing or Measuring Out Goods and Similar Merchandise
  63. Feeling Secure From Allah’s Devising
  64. Despairing of the Mercy of Allah and Losing of Hope
  65. Forgoing the Congregational Prayer to Pray Alone Without a Legal Excuse
  66. Constantly Missing the Friday and Congregational Prayer without a Valid Excuse
  67. Bringing Loss to the Bequest
  68. Deception and Evil Schemes
  69. Spying on the Muslims and Revealing Their Weaknesses
  70. Disparaging the Companions of the Prophet

May Allah forgive us our sins and protect us from all kind of sins.

Categories
Islamic Guidance

10 easy steps for overcoming any sin

“… He (Allah) does not change the state (of goodness) of anyone till we change our state (of goodness) ourselves (Quran 13:11)”

Trials with hardships are influenced by our sins and will never be lifted without true repentance. Anyone who wants peace of mind should seek a cure for this disease called sin.

The traits of true believers are such that regardless of their good deeds, they still fear their Lord and never stop turning to him in repentance. Since you’re here searching for how to cure your sins, you really possess the traits of a true Muslim.

Let’s learn something from this beautiful discourse.

Hasan Basri stated that once he was accompanying a young pious worshipper on a journey. On their way, they met a physician. In front of this physician were a lot of people including women and children holding bottles of water in their hands, waiting to get medicine for their diseases.

The young worshipper asked the physician, ‘Do you have any cure for sins?’ The physician said yes. Then the young man said, ‘Please tell me the cure.’ The physician then replied that the cure for the disease of sins consists of the following 10 remedies:

  1. Take a root from the tree of destitution and humbleness.
  2. Add a mixture of repentance to it.
  3. Put it into the bowl of Divine will.
  4. Crush it properly with the press of contentment.
  5. Put it then into the pot of piety and asceticism.
  6. Add water of modesty to it.
  7. Boil it on the fire of Divine love.
  8. Pour it into the bowl of thankfulness.
  9. Cool it with the fan of hope.
  10. Then drink it with the spoon of (Divine) praise.

Let’s take a look at them one after the other to get the points clarified Insha-Allah.

Take a root from the tree of destitution and humbleness.

overcoming any sin - Humility

It is so hard to be humble. Our sinful diseases also start just there. I think it’s safe to say humility arise from seeing ourselves before Allah Almighty. That’s why I think not all people are humble.

For instance, an atheist or an agnostic cannot be humble. Such people can either be modest or maybe sober-minded about their abilities, which cannot compare to the humility we know in the Quran.

The direct opposite of humility is obviously pride. And the idea is that pride leads to sin, which is stemmed from the fact that human pride calls for the notion of self-sufficient, hence jeopardizing the need for humility towards Allah Almighty Himself. When you flip your Quran to Surah Al-A’raf 7:55, Allah almighty said:

“Call upon your Lord with humility and in private. Verily, He does not love transgressors”

Therefore, with humility and destitution, it means we have secured the best source of remedy to discipline our desires Insha-Allah.

Add a mixture of repentance to it.

overcoming any sin - repent

Referring to the life of our beloved Prophet (pbuh), Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “By Allah, I seek forgiveness from Allah and I repent to him more than seventy times in a day.” – Sahih al-Bukhari 5948

Upon knowing that the Prophet never sin but seeks forgiveness each day, yet this glorious act seems rather like an unpleasant thing that we have to force ourselves to do. It’s like taking a medicine which is very bitter. It’s not in our interest to take it but we end up forcing it down our throats anyway, as we believe it’s supposed to be good for us.

It’s about time you refrain from repenting in this manner, it’s not the way our beloved Prophet use to do it. Rather, in a nutshell, you should recognize your sin, give it up and return to your Maker (Allah Almighty).

Put it into the bowl of Divine will.

overcoming any sin - trust Allah

Another element to add to our remedy for the cure of sin is Tawakul. To believe that Allah alone can ward off the harms of this world, provide us with some blessings and ease our challenges. It’s also safe to say that Tawakul is about accepting the results that Allah decides regardless of how they may turn out to be.

Reading from the Glorious Quran, Surah Talaq 65:3, Allah said:

“And he will provide him from where he never could imagine. And whoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.” (Quran 65:3)

That’s reliance on Allah Almighty. You trust and accept whatever He decides, notwithstanding of the results. With this in mind, no need to go to the extreme of disobeying Allah, no sins, no nothing except a pure heart.

To trust in Allah and be free from all manner of fears really sounds wonderful. It seems difficult at first though. But trust me, in reality, it is a very easy and natural thing to do.

Crush it properly with the press of contentment.

overcoming any sin - contentment

If what you desire does not happen, I think it is safe to desire that which does. Be content with whatever Allah has apportioned for you and cross not the line, I mean displeasing Allah for your desires.

Allah may bless people with wealth, noble lineage and high status, and deprive them of sanity. You will see them as the strongest and wealthiest of all, yet they are being deprived of health. Some are lying in bed for years responding to treatment, what use are their wealth and their noble lineages?

There are others whom Allah gives strength, health, and intellect and deprives them of wealth. You will see them carrying their loads in marketplaces all the time, or as unprivileged and poor people who continue switching between humble jobs and hardly earn enough to suffice their hunger.

This is how Allah blesses people with some things and depriving them of others. Our Lord creates what He wills and chooses. We have no choice, so cherishing what is apportioned to us will be much better than going to the extreme of disobeying Allah.

It is befitting for you who is afflicted with a calamity to recall Allah’s favours before looking at the calamities He is testing you with. If He has deprived you of wealth, He has blessed you with health. But if He has deprived you of both, He has granted you intellect. Yet if He has deprived you of all, don’t lose heart, at least He has gifted you with Islam. Congratulations to you for being a Muslim and dying upon it. I think you may shout at the top of your voice and say, ‘Al-hamdulillah!’

Put it then into the pot of piety and asceticism.

overcoming any sin - Taqwa

You can also call it Taqwa, the spiritual and divine state which prevents a man from sin. Piety is a great asset which helps worshipers of Allah to seek the path of prosperity as they travel the course of life. Without Taqwa, one cannot achieve this.

It’s all about walking in the knowledge and truth, knowing the difference between good and evil and knowing who Allah is in a constructive manner; i.e., what he is like at rational level.

Once a person becomes pious, he is free from the diseases of sin as Allah the Exalted will show him the way to escape and free himself from hardships. Allah Almighty promises that once a person has piety, deliverance from problems and hardships will follow. What a great pleasure!

Add water of modesty to it.

overcoming any sin - modesty

No one is saying you should be extremely shy, quiet, or saintly to be modest, NO. You simply have to avoid Riya (showing off) and know how to make others feel good about their nature. That’s modesty!

Modesty plays a special role in the affairs of the Creator (Allah, the Exalted) and the created. All the prophets and messengers encourage this glorious act at every turn. The Glorious Quran says:

“Tell the believing men to lower their gaze, and be modest. That is purer for them. Verily, Allah is All-Aware of what they do”

Then boil it on the fire of Divine love.

overcoming any sin

Love all and hate none even if they hate you. Treat everyone in such a manner that they think of themselves as the most beloved of all people. For instance, you should treat your mother so nicely that she begins to believe you have never treated anyone in such a fine manner.

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was an expert in this. Whoever read about the seerah (life of the Prophet) will find that he would deal with everyone in an excellent way. Whoever he met, he would be gladly welcoming and cheerful such that the person would begin to think that he was the most beloved of all to him, and thus, the Prophet the Exalted would also become the most beloved to that person.  How awesome!

This way, no sign of hatred will ever exist in your heart and also in the heart of others around you, and hence reduce the temptation of sin in your life.

Then pour it into the bowl of thankfulness.

overcoming any sin

It can seem very difficult for some people to find something to be thankful for in this stressful and troubled world we live today. When we read or listen to the news, it is often unpleasant news that is reported. Crimes and terrorism, tragedies and disasters are all over.

The truth is that we’ll never run out of reasons to be grateful to Allah. We should rejoice and thank him at every turn! As the Ummah of the beloved Mohammad, peace, and blessings be upon him, we should always be ready to thank Allah during our state of ease, and during the times when storms are raging. Allah said in the Holy Quran:

“Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying). I will remember you, and be grateful to Me (for My countless Favours on you) and never be ungrateful to Me.” (2:152)

Being grateful to people who deserve it and also grateful to Allah is an awesome thing to do. It frees the heart from jealousy, envy, and greed.  When we are grateful to Allah Almighty, we remain mindful of Him and His Mercy towards us, which in return humble us and improve our character. The amazing fact that we have Islam on our side should be a source of continual thanks. Allah says: “Surely We have shown him the way: he may be thankful.” (76:3)

Cool it with the fan of hope.

overcoming any sin

It is common to see that everyone looks in the direction of his/her future life either by planning ahead or just daydreaming about what can happen. We live with hopes and struggles. A mother will feed her baby with hope. A farmer will always sow his seeds with hope. A young man will also marry with the hope of making an awesome family and prosperous future.

As for the faithful fellow, he knows that any condition is sent by Allah. He takes things easily, meanwhile, recalling what Allah Almighty has advised in Surah Bakarah: “…and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” (Quran 2:216

Then drink it with the spoon of remembrance and (Divine) praise.

overcoming any sin

Do you want to have the joy of Allah? Learn to praise Him better. You need to realize that the source of your joy, your confidence, and your hope is Allah.

Just like being thankful to Him, the difficulties we experience in life often cloud our vision and keep us from praising Allah, forgetting what has been granted already as blessings. Allah said: “Lo! Worship guards one against lewdness and iniquity, but verily, remembrance of Allah is greatest/more important.” (29:45).

Remembrance of Allah should, therefore, be the least we can do in order to acknowledge the gifts and blessings he has bestowed upon us. It is the foundation of good deeds though. The more we remember Him, the closer we will get to Him, and the farther we will stay away from sin.