Everything in Islam is made very easy for us. Allah does not burden anyone with something which he or she cannot bear.
We all are aware that at some point in time, it’ll be difficult to fast due to one or two reasons. But to be precise, what circumstances?
Well, that’s the main objective of this article. I just want us to discuss some of the factors that necessitate the fasting individual to break the fast or not to fast at all.
It has been pointed out that a traveller has the option during a journey to fast or to compensate for it later on. This is clearly explained in many hadith:
It is reported from Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) that Hamza Ibn Amr, May Allah be pleased with him, asked:
O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) “I am a person who fasts often, so should I fast while travelling? Allah’s Messenger replied: Fast if you wish and refrain from fasting if you wish”. (Bukhari and Muslim).
However there is no disagreement amongst the scholars that: If fasting on a journey brings hardship upon a person, then it is better and more beloved to Allah that he breaks the fast. But if fasting on a journey does not produce hardship for a person, then it is better to fast.
Women during period and in the post childbirth state
Fasting for women during the period of menstruation or of post childbirth state is forbidden and should be made up later, a day for a day. This is confirmed by the Prophet (ﷺ) when he said:
“During her monthly cycle she neither prays nor fasts” (Bukhari).
Such a woman is considered like the sick, so she is permitted to break her fast and must compensate the days she missed afterwards.
The Pregnant and breast-feeding women
If a pregnant woman or breast-feeding mother feels that fasting may endanger their life and harm the unborn or newly born, the Sharia gives them permission to break the fast. They will have to make it up at any time after Ramadan.
However, according to one opinion of scholars, they can break the fast and pay the fidyah (ransom).They do not have to make up the days missed.
A person having a sudden illness
When a person has a sudden illness and his prognosis indicates a serious condition, which when fasting causes harm or affects his/her health, he/she is granted permission to break the fast till recovery and should compensate for it. This is explained in the following verse in which Allah has allowed the sick person to refrain from fasting as a mercy for Him saying:
“…So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan), he must fast that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey; the same number (of days which one did not fast must be compensated) from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you.” (Al- Baqarah, Verse: 185)
An important note
If a sick person or a traveller fast and withstand the hardships of the fast, and continue to fast while feeling the hardship, their fast will be valid but disliked, for they did not accept the concession Allah gave them, thereby causing themselves much hardship and the Prophet (Peace and Blessing of Allah be upon him) said:
“Allah loves to give allowances just as He hates that you commit sins”