Surah Taha (/ˈtɑːˈhɑː/; Arabic: سورة طه) is the 20th sura of the Qur’an with 135 ayat (verses). It is named “Ta-Ha” because the sura starts with the Arabic letters طه. It is a Meccan sura, from the second Meccan period. The main theme of the sura is about the existence of God. It addresses this theme through stories about Moses and Adam. Sura 20 displays several thematic and stylistic patterns described by Angelika Neuwirth in Jane McAuliffe’s book “The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’an.”These include the eschatological prophecies of the Qur’an, signs of God’s existence, and debate. Additionally, sura 20 employs what has been termed the “ring structure” to reinforce its central theme.
It is mentioned in a narration from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) that whoever recites this surah will get the reward equivalent to the number of companions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) from the Muhajireen and Ansaar.
Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) has said that Allah (s.w.t.) befriends the ones who recite this surah and this person will receive his book of deeds on his right hand. His sins will be forgiven and he will get so much reward that he will be pleased on the Day of Judgement.
This surah should be recited before war, going before a tyrant ruler and trying to guide a community towards the path of Allah (s.w.t.).
May Allah increase us in knowledge!