Surah an-Naml is a ‘makki’ surah and it contains 93 verses.
It tells stories of the prophets Moses, Solomon, Salih, and Lot to emphasize the message of tawhid in Jewish and Arabian prophets. The miracles of Moses, described in the Book of Exodus, are mentioned in opposition to the arrogance and kufr of Pharaoh. The story of Solomon is most detailed: Solomon converted Bilqis to the “true religion” after a hoopoe reported to him that she was a sun-worshipping queen. This sura was likely revealed to address the role of the “Children of Israel” among the believers in Mecca, to emphasize and commend the piety of past prophets, and to distinguish the present Qur’anic message from past traditions.
Benefits of reciting Surah an-Naml (The Ant)
In the commentary of Majma’ul Bayan, it is written that the reward for reciting this surah is compared to ten times the number of people alive during the time of Prophet Suleiman (a.s.), Hud (a.s.), Shu’aib (a.s.), Saalih (a.s.) and Ibrahim (a.s.).
In the commentary of Burhan it is written that if this surah is written on deerskin and kept in the house, then no dangerous creature (e.g. snake) will come near the house. This has been narrated by Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.)