Surah al-Fath (Arabic: سورة الفتح, “Victory, Triumph”) is the 48th sura of the Qur’an with 29 ayat. It was revealed in Medina after the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, and details the circumstances and terms of that treaty along with other general religious advice. The chapter gets its name from the opening verse, which states “Indeed, We have granted you a clear triumph…” in direct reference to the Treaty which was signed through cooperation between the opposing forces and without bloodshed. The reason this treaty, and therefore chapter, is called a “clear triumph” is largely believed to be because of its peaceful nature.
Benefits of reciting Surah al-Fath
- It is narrated that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said, ‘Whoever recites this surah (al-Fath), it will be as if he was with me when Makkah was conquered and he has pledged allegiance to me.’
- When this surah was revealed to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), he said, ‘Such verses have been revealed to me that is dearer to me than this entire world.’
- Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq (a.s.) said that those who recite this surah will be counted from among the sincere and true servants of Allah (s.w.t.) and will gain a honorable status in Jannah.
Hadith about Surah al-Fath
Upon its revelation, the Prophet remarked, ‘Tonight there has been revealed to me a Surah which is dearer to me than that on which the sun shines (i.e. the world).’
When consulted to broker peace during a later war, Sahl ibn Hunaif said, ‘Blame yourselves! I remember how, on the day of Al-Hudaibiya, if we had been allowed to choose fighting, we would have fought (the pagans). At that time ‘Umar came (to the Prophet) and said, “Aren’t we on the right (path) and they (pagans) in the wrong? Won’t our killed persons go to Paradise, and theirs in the Fire?” The Prophet replied, “Yes.” Umar further said, “Then why should we let our religion be degraded and return before Allah has settled the matter between us?” The Prophet said, “O the son of Al-Khattab! No doubt, I am Allah’s Apostle and Allah will never neglect me.” So Umar left the place angrily and he was so impatient that he went to Abu Bakr and said, “O Abu Bakr! Aren’t we on the right (path) and they (pagans) on the wrong?” Abu Bakr said, “O the son of Al-Khattab! He is Allah’s Apostle, and Allah will never neglect him.” Then Sura Al-Fath (The Victory) was revealed.”
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal: I saw Allah’s Apostle on the day of the Conquest of Mecca over his she-camel, reciting Surat-al-Fath in a vibrant quivering tone.
May Allah make life easy for us all!